Pituitary body

Definition of Pituitary body

(Anat.) a a small, somewhat cherry-shaped endocrine gland, situated in the pituitary fossa, and suspended from the base of the hypothalamus; the hypophysis; - called also glandula pituitaria, and basilaris. It secretes th pituitary hormones: oxytocin; vasopresin; antidiuretic hormone; luteinizing hormone; somatotropins; prolactin; thyroid stimulating hormone; gonadotropins; adrenal corticotropin and other peptide hormones. It affects all hormonal functions, and is thus called the "master gland".

See also: Pituitary

Related Words

adenohypophysis, anterior pituitary, anterior pituitary gland, betweenbrain, diencephalon, ductless gland, endocrine, endocrine gland, hypophyseal stalk, hypophysis, interbrain, neurohypophysis, pars nervosa, pituitary, pituitary gland, posterior pituitary, posterior pituitary gland, thalmencephalon
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