Protein

Definition of Protein

Pro´te`in
n.1.(Physiol. Chem.) In chemical analysis, the total nitrogenous material in vegetable or animal substances, obtained by multiplying the total nitrogen found by a factor, usually 6.25, assuming most proteids to contain approximately 16 per cent of nitrogen.
1.(Physiol. Chem.) any polymer of an amino acid joined by peptide (amide) bonds. Most natural proteins have alpha-amino acids as the monomeric constituents. All classical enzymes are composed of protein, and control most of the biochemical transformations carrie dout in living cells. They may be soluble, as casein, albumins, and other globular proteins, or insoluble (e. g. "structural proteins"), as collagen or keratin. "albumin", an older term for protein, is now used primarily to refer to certain specific soluble globular proteins found in eggs or blood serum, e.g. bovine serum albumin, the main soluble protein in teh serum of cattle, used as an enzymatically inert protein in biochemical research.
Protein crystal
(Bot.) See Crystalloid, n., 2.

Related Words

albumin, albuminoid, amino acid, androcyte, antheridium, antherozoid, casein, chlorophyll, chromoprotein, collagen, dipeptide, edestin, elastin, fibroin, globin, globulin, glutenin, glycoprotein, hemoglobin, histone, ichthulin, interferon, lactalbumin, lecithoprotein, lipid, lipoprotein, lysozyme, male gamete, milt, mucin, nucleohistone, nucleoprotein, oryzenin, osseomucoid, peptide, peptone, phosphoaminolipide, phosphoprotein, pollen, prolamine, protamine, proteid, proteose, protide, salmine, scum, seed, semen, seminal fluid, serum globulin, sperm, sperm cell, spermagonium, spermatic fluid, spermatid, spermatiophore, spermatium, spermatocyte, spermatogonium, spermatophore, spermatozoa, spermatozoid, spermatozoon, tendomucin, thymus histone, zein
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Protection
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-Protein-
Protein crystal
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Proteles
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Proterandrous
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