Vacuum

Definition of Vacuum

Vac´u`um   Pronunciation: văk´ũ`ŭm
n.1.(Physics) A space entirely devoid of matter (called also, by way of distinction, absolute vacuum); hence, in a more general sense, a space, as the interior of a closed vessel, which has been exhausted to a high or the highest degree by an air pump or other artificial means; as, water boils at a reduced temperature in a vacuum.
2.The condition of rarefaction, or reduction of pressure below that of the atmosphere, in a vessel, as the condenser of a steam engine, which is nearly exhausted of air or steam, etc.; as, a vacuum of 26 inches of mercury, or 13 pounds per square inch.
Vacuum brake
a kind of continuous brake operated by exhausting the air from some appliance under each car, and so causing the pressure of the atmosphere to apply the brakes.
Vacuum pan
(Technol.) a kind of large closed metallic retort used in sugar making for boiling down sirup. It is so connected with an exhausting apparatus that a partial vacuum is formed within. This allows the evaporation and concentration to take place at a lower atmospheric pressure and hence also at a lower temperature, which largely obviates the danger of burning the sugar, and shortens the process.
Vacuum pump
Same as Pulsometer, 1.
Vacuum tube
a - (Phys.) a glass tube provided with platinum electrodes and exhausted, for the passage of the electrical discharge; a Geissler tube.
a - any tube used in electronic devices, containing a vacuum and used to control the flow of electrons in a circuit, as a vacuum diode, triode, tetrode, or pentode.
Vacuum valve
a safety valve opening inward to admit air to a vessel in which the pressure is less than that of the atmosphere, in order to prevent collapse.
Torricellian vacuum
See under Torricellian.

Related Words

absence, absence of mind, blank, blankness, broom, brush, brush off, clean slate, deprivation, empty space, empty-headedness, hollowness, inanity, jejunity, mental void, negation, negativeness, negativity, nihility, nonbeing, nonentity, nonexistence, nonoccurrence, nonreality, nonsubsistence, not-being, nothing, nothingness, nullity, sweep, sweep out, sweep up, tabula rasa, unactuality, unreality, vacancy, vacuity, vacuousness, vacuum-clean, vapidity, whisk
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