clone

Definition of clone

Pronunciation: klōn
n.1.(Biol.) a group of organisms derived from a single individual by some kind of asexual reproduction; - used mostly of microorganisms such as bacteria and yeast.
2.(Biol.) an individual organism containing a genetic complement identical to that of another organism, produced by using the genetic material from the second animal in a non-sexual reproduction process.
3.something virtually identical to another object.
v. t.1.(Biol.) to make a clone from; to make identical copies of an organism by a non-sexual process of reproduction.
2.(Microbiol.) to grow colonies of a microorganism by spreading a suspension of the microorganism onto a solid growth medium (such as in a Petri dish), at a concentration such that individual colonies will grow from single cells sufficiently well separated from other colonies so that pure cultures derived from a single organism can be isolated.
3.(Biochem.) to make large quantities of a segment of DNA by inserting it, using biochemical techniques, into the DNA of a microorganism, and growing that microorganism in large numbers; as, to clone the gene for growth hormone.

Related Words

Photostat, Xerox, copy, counterpart, ditto, double, dupe, duplicate, duplication, facsimile, hectograph, manifold, microcopy, microfilm, mimeo, mimeograph, model, multigraph, quadruplicate, reduplicate, repetition, replica, replicate, replication, representation, reproduce, reproduction, stat, trace, transcribe, triplicate
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clogged
Clogginess
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Cloisonne
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Cloisteral
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-clone-
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