Fume

Definition of Fume

Pronunciation: fūm
n.1.Exhalation; volatile matter (esp. noxious vapor or smoke) ascending in a dense body; smoke; vapor; reek; as, the fumes of tobacco.
The fumes of new shorn hay.
- T. Warton.
The fumes of undigested wine.
- Dryden.
2.Rage or excitement which deprives the mind of self-control; as, the fumes of passion.
3.Anything vaporlike, unsubstantial, or airy; idle conceit; vain imagination.
A show of fumes and fancies.
- Bacon.
4.The incense of praise; inordinate flattery.
To smother him with fumes and eulogies.
- Burton.
5.(Metal.) Solid material deposited by condensation of fumes; as, lead fume (a grayish powder chiefly lead sulphate).
In a fume
in ill temper, esp. from impatience.
v. i.1.To smoke; to throw off fumes, as in combustion or chemical action; to rise up, as vapor.
[imp. & p. p. Fumed ; p. pr. & vb. n. Fuming.]
Where the golden altar fumed.
- Milton.
Silenus lay,
Whose constant cups lay fuming to his brain.
- Roscommon.
2.To be as in a mist; to be dulled and stupefied.
Keep his brain fuming.
- Shak.
3.To pass off in fumes or vapors.
Their parts are kept from fuming away by their fixity.
- Cheyne.
4.To be in a rage; to be hot with anger.
He frets, he fumes, he stares, he stamps the ground.
- Dryden.
While her mother did fret, and her father did fume.
- Sir W. Scott.
To fume away
to give way to excitement and displeasure; to storm; also, to pass off in fumes.
v. t.1.To expose to the action of fumes; to treat with vapors, smoke, etc.; as, to bleach straw by fuming it with sulphur; to fill with fumes, vapors, odors, etc., as a room.
She fumed the temple with an odorous flame.
- Dryden.
2.To praise inordinately; to flatter.
They demi-deify and fume him so.
- Cowper.
3.To throw off in vapor, or as in the form of vapor.
The heat will fume away most of the scent.
- Montimer.
How vicious hearts fume frenzy to the brain!
- Young.

Related Words

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