Mineral

Definition of Mineral

Min´er`al
n.1.
1.An inorganic species or substance occurring in nature, having a definite chemical composition and usually a distinct crystalline form. Rocks, except certain glassy igneous forms, are either simple minerals or aggregates of minerals.
2.A mine.
3.Anything which is neither animal nor vegetable, as in the most general classification of things into three kingdoms (animal, vegetable, and mineral).
a.1.Of or pertaining to minerals; consisting of a mineral or of minerals; as, a mineral substance.
2.Impregnated with minerals; as, mineral waters.
Mineral acids
(Chem.) inorganic acids, as sulphuric, nitric, phosphoric, hydrochloric, acids, etc., as distinguished from the organic acids.
Mineral blue
the name usually given to azurite, when reduced to an impalpable powder for coloring purposes.
Mineral candle
a candle made of paraffin.
Mineral caoutchouc
an elastic mineral pitch, a variety of bitumen, resembling caoutchouc in elasticity and softness. See Caoutchouc, and Elaterite.
Mineral chameleon
(Chem.) See Chameleon mineral, under Chameleon.
Mineral charcoal
See under Charcoal.
Mineral cotton
See Mineral wool (below).
Mineral green
a green carbonate of copper; malachite.
Mineral kingdom
(Nat. Sci.) that one of the three grand divisions of nature which embraces all inorganic objects, as distinguished from plants or animals.
Mineral oil
See Naphtha, and Petroleum.
Mineral paint
a pigment made chiefly of some natural mineral substance, as red or yellow iron ocher.
Mineral patch
See Bitumen, and Asphalt.
Mineral right
the right of taking minerals from land.
Mineral salt
(Chem.) a salt of a mineral acid.
Mineral tallow
a familiar name for hatchettite, from its fatty or spermaceti-like appearance.
Mineral water
See under Water.
Mineral wax
See Ozocerite.
Mineral wool
a fibrous wool-like material, made by blowing a powerful jet of air or steam through melted slag. It is a poor conductor of heat.

Related Words

alabaster, alabastrine, amphibole, antimony, apatite, aplite, arsenic, asbestine, asbestos, asphalt, azurite, bauxite, bitumen, boron, brimstone, bromine, brucite, calcite, carbon, celestite, chalcedony, chlorite, chromite, clay, coal, coke, corundum, cryolite, diatomite, emery, epidote, epsomite, feldspar, garnet, gel mineral, glauconite, graphite, graphitic, gypsum, hatchettine, holosiderite, inorganic, inorganic substance, iron pyrites, jet, kyanite, lignite, lime, magnesite, malachite, maltha, marcasite, marl, meerschaum, metamict substance, mica, micaceous, mineral coal, mineral kingdom, mineral oil, mineral resources, mineral salt, mineral tallow, mineral tar, mineral wax, mineral world, mineral-bearing material, mineraloid, molybdenite, monazite, nonbiological, nonorganic, obsidian, olivine, ore, ozokerite, peat, perlite, petrified, phosphate rock, phosphorus, pumice, pyrite, pyrites, pyroxene, quartz, realgar, red clay, rhodonite, rock crystal, rocks, salt, selenite, selenium, siderite, silica, silicate, silicic, silicon, spar, spinel, spodumene, sulfur, sulfuric, sulfurous, talc, talcum, tellurium, unorganic, unorganized, untreated mineral, wollastonite, wulfenite, zeolite
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Mineral acids
Mineral blue
Mineral candle
Mineral caoutchouc
Mineral chameleon
Mineral charcoal
Mineral cotton
Mineral green
Mineral kingdom
Mineral oil
Mineral paint
Mineral patch
Mineral pitch
Mineral right
Mineral salt
Mineral tallow
Mineral tar
Mineral water
Mineral wax
Mineral wool
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