Neuron

Definition of Neuron

Neu´ron
n.1.(Anat.) The brain and spinal cord; the cerebro-spinal axis; myelencephalon.
2.(Cell Biology) The characteristic specialized cell that is part of the nervous system, serving to conduct electrical impulses to and from the brain, and also between other parts of the body, and composed of a main cell body, the axon, with a varying number of processes of varying length, the dendrites; a nerve cell. The movement and behavior of higher animals depends on the signals tranmsitted by such nerve cells.

Related Words

afferent neuron, autonomic nervous system, axon, brain, central nervous system, cerebral cortex, craniosacral nervous system, dendrite, effector organ, efferent neuron, ganglion, gray matter, internuncial neuron, medullary sheath, nerve, nerve trunk, nervous system, peripheral nervous system, plexus, sensorium, sensory area, sensory cell, solar plexus, spinal cord, synapse, thoracolumbar nervous system, white matter
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