Philosophy

Definition of Philosophy

Phi`los´o`phy   Pronunciation: fĭ`lǒs´ô`fŷ
n.1.Literally, the love of, inducing the search after, wisdom; in actual usage, the knowledge of phenomena as explained by, and resolved into, causes and reasons, powers and laws.
2.A particular philosophical system or theory; the hypothesis by which particular phenomena are explained.
[Books] of Aristotle and his philosophie.
- Chaucer.
We shall in vain interpret their words by the notions of our philosophy and the doctrines in our school.
- Locke.
3.Practical wisdom; calmness of temper and judgment; equanimity; fortitude; stoicism; as, to meet misfortune with philosophy.
Then had he spent all his philosophy.
- Chaucer.
4.Reasoning; argumentation.
Of good and evil much they argued then, . . .
Vain wisdom all, and false philosophy.
- Milton.
5.The course of sciences read in the schools.
6.A treatise on philosophy.
Philosophy of the Academy
that of Plato, who taught his disciples in a grove in Athens called the Academy.
Philosophy of the Garden
that of Epicurus, who taught in a garden in Athens.
Philosophy of the Lyceum
that of Aristotle, the founder of the Peripatetic school, who delivered his lectures in the Lyceum at Athens.
Philosophy of the Porch
that of Zeno and the Stoics; - so called because Zeno of Citium and his successors taught in the porch of the Poicile, a great hall in Athens.

Related Words

Aristotelianism, Berkeleianism, Bradleianism, Buddha-like composure, Cynicism, Cyrenaic hedonism, Cyrenaicism, Epicureanism, Fichteanism, Hegelianism, Heideggerianism, Heracliteanism, Herbartianism, Humism, Kantianism, Leibnizianism, Marxism, Mimamsa, Neo-Hegelianism, Neo-Pythagoreanism, Neoplatonism, Newtonian physics, Oriental calm, Peripateticism, Platonism, Purva Mimamsa, Pyrrhonism, Pythagoreanism, Sankhya, Schellingism, Scotism, Socratism, Sophism, Sophistry, Spencerianism, Stoicism, Thomism, Weltanschauung, acosmism, acoustics, aerophysics, aesthetics, agnosticism, animalism, animatism, animism, aplomb, applied physics, astrophysics, atomism, attitude, basic conductor physics, biophysics, body of ideas, calm disposition, calm of mind, calmness, chemical physics, composure, control, cool, coolheadedness, coolness, cosmotheism, countenance, criticism, cryogenics, crystallography, cytophysics, deduction, deductive reasoning, deism, demonstration, dialectical materialism, discourse, discourse of reason, discursive reason, dispassion, dualism, easy mind, eclecticism, egoism, electron physics, electronics, electrophysics, empiricism, epistemology, equanimity, ethics, ethos, eudaemonism, existentialism, feeling, geophysics, hedonism, humanism, hylomorphism, hylotheism, hylozoism, icy calm, idea, idealism, ideology, immaterialism, imperturbability, imperturbation, indisturbance, individualism, induction, inductive reasoning, intuitionism, logic, logical thought, macrophysics, materialism, mathematical physics, mechanics, mechanism, medicophysics, mental composure, mentalism, metaphysics, microphysics, monism, mysticism, natural philosophy, natural science, naturalism, neocriticism, nominalism, notion, nuclear physics, ontologism, ontology, opinion, optics, optimism, organic mechanism, organicism, outlook, panpsychism, pantheism, patience, peace of mind, peacefulness, pessimism, philosophic composure, philosophicalness, physic, physical chemistry, physical science, physicalism, physicism, physicochemistry, physicomathematics, physics, placidity, pluralism, point of view, positivism, pragmaticism, pragmatism, proof, psychism, psychological hedonism, psychophysics, quiet, quiet mind, quietude, radiation physics, radionics, ratiocination, rationalism, rationality, rationalization, rationalizing, realism, reason, reasonableness, reasoning, resignation, restraint, sang-froid, sangfroid, secular humanism, self-control, self-possession, semiotic, semiotics, sensationalism, sentiment, serenity, skepticism, solar physics, solid-state physics, soothingness, sophistry, specious reasoning, statics, stereophysics, stoicism, substantialism, sweet reason, syncretism, system of ideas, system of theories, tenets, theism, theoretical physics, thermodynamics, thinking, thoughtfulness, tranquillity, transcendentalism, unruffledness, utilitarianism, viewpoint, voluntarism, world view, zoophysics
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