Sugar

Definition of Sugar

Sug´ar
n.1.A sweet white (or brownish yellow) crystalline substance, of a sandy or granular consistency, obtained by crystallizing the evaporated juice of certain plants, as the sugar cane, sorghum, beet root, sugar maple, etc. It is used for seasoning and preserving many kinds of food and drink. Ordinary sugar is essentially sucrose. See the Note below.
2.By extension, anything resembling sugar in taste or appearance; as, sugar of lead (lead acetate), a poisonous white crystalline substance having a sweet taste.
3.Compliment or flattery used to disguise or render acceptable something obnoxious; honeyed or soothing words.
Acorn sugar
See Quercite.
Cane sugar
sugar made from the sugar cane; sucrose, or an isomeric sugar. See Sucrose.
Diabetes sugar
(Med. Chem.) a variety of sugar (grape sugar or dextrose) excreted in the urine in diabetes mellitus; - the presence of such a sugar in the urine is used to diagnose the illness.
Fruit sugar
See under Fruit, and Fructose.
Grape sugar
a sirupy or white crystalline sugar (dextrose or glucose) found as a characteristic ingredient of ripe grapes, and also produced from many other sources. See Dextrose, and Glucose.
Invert sugar
See under Invert.
Malt sugar
a variety of sugar isomeric with sucrose, found in malt. See Maltose.
Manna sugar
a substance found in manna, resembling, but distinct from, the sugars. See Mannite.
Milk sugar
a variety of sugar characteristic of fresh milk, and isomeric with sucrose. See Lactose.
Muscle sugar
a sweet white crystalline substance isomeric with, and formerly regarded to, the glucoses. It is found in the tissue of muscle, the heart, liver, etc. Called also heart sugar. See Inosite.
Pine sugar
See Pinite.
Starch sugar
(Com. Chem.) a variety of dextrose made by the action of heat and acids on starch from corn, potatoes, etc.; - called also potato sugar, corn sugar, and, inaccurately, invert sugar. See Dextrose, and Glucose.
Sugar barek
one who refines sugar.
Sugar beet
(Bot.) a variety of beet (Beta vulgaris) with very large white roots, extensively grown, esp. in Europe, for the sugar obtained from them.
Sugar berry
(Bot.) the hackberry.
Sugar bird
(Zool.) any one of several species of small South American singing birds of the genera Cœreba, Dacnis, and allied genera belonging to the family Cœrebidæ. They are allied to the honey eaters.
Sugar bush
See Sugar orchard.
Sugar camp
a place in or near a sugar orchard, where maple sugar is made.
Sugar candian
sugar candy.
Sugar candy
sugar clarified and concreted or crystallized; candy made from sugar.
Sugar cane
(Bot.) a tall perennial grass (Saccharum officinarium), with thick short-jointed stems. It has been cultivated for ages as the principal source of sugar.
Sugar loaf
a - A loaf or mass of refined sugar, usually in the form of a truncated cone.
b - A hat shaped like a sugar loaf.
Why, do not or know you, grannam, and that sugar loaf?
- J. Webster.
v. i.1.In making maple sugar, to complete the process of boiling down the sirup till it is thick enough to crystallize; to approach or reach the state of granulation; - with the preposition off.
v. t.1.To impregnate, season, cover, or sprinkle with sugar; to mix sugar with.
[imp. & p. p. Sugared ; p. pr. & vb. n. Sugaring.]
2.To cover with soft words; to disguise by flattery; to compliment; to sweeten; as, to sugar reproof.
With devotion's visage
And pious action we do sugar o'er
The devil himself.
- Shak.

Related Words

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