Definition of Sum

n.1.The aggregate of two or more numbers, magnitudes, quantities, or particulars; the amount or whole of any number of individuals or particulars added together; as, the sum of 5 and 7 is 12.
Take ye the sum of all the congregation.
- Num. i. 2.
2.A quantity of money or currency; any amount, indefinitely; as, a sum of money; a small sum, or a large sum.
With a great sum obtained I this freedom.
- Acts xxii. 28.
3.The principal points or thoughts when viewed together; the amount; the substance; compendium; as, this is the sum of all the evidence in the case; this is the sum and substance of his objections.
4.Height; completion; utmost degree.
Thus have I told thee all my state, and brought
My story to the sum of earthly bliss.
- Milton.
5.(Arith.) A problem to be solved, or an example to be wrought out.
A sum in arithmetic wherein a flaw discovered at a particular point is ipso facto fatal to the whole.
- Gladstone.
A large sheet of paper . . . covered with long sums.
- Dickens.
Algebraic sum
as distinguished from arithmetical sum, the aggregate of two or more numbers or quantities taken with regard to their signs, as + or -, according to the rules of addition in algebra; thus, the algebraic sum of -2, 8, and -1 is 5.
In sum
in short; in brief.
- Rogers.
v. t.1.To bring together into one whole; to collect into one amount; to cast up, as a column of figures; to ascertain the totality of; - usually with up.
[imp. & p. p. Summed ; p. pr. & vb. n. Summing.]
The mind doth value every moment, and then the hour doth rather sum up the moments, than divide the day.
- Bacon.
2.To bring or collect into a small compass; to comprise in a few words; to condense; - usually with up.
"Go to the ant, thou sluggard," in few words sums up the moral of this fable.
- L'Estrange.
He sums their virtues in himself alone.
- Dryden.
3.(Falconry) To have (the feathers) full grown; to furnish with complete, or full-grown, plumage.
But feathered soon and fledge
They summed their pens [wings].
- Milton.
Summing up
a compendium or abridgment; a recapitulation; a résumé; a summary.

Related Words

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